When it was published in , this map combined the best information of the American Southwest then available in Europe. Sanson rose to fame in the seventeenth century because of his commitment to geographic accuracy; unlike some of his peers, he insisted on using only information verified by multiple sources. What kinds of information does Chaves include on his map of Florida? What kinds of information are missing?
What might these details reveal about his sources? How might you judge whether or not the map was accurate?
What aspects of the map might have convinced you that Sanson was a cartographer you could trust—that California was, in fact, an island? What aspects of the map might have left you skeptical? Based on your observations, how do you think a European might have used the maps in the sixteenth or seventeenth century? The documents below provide insight into the different ways European states employed cartography in their quest to establish, defend, and give meaning to their nascent North American empires.
Instead of colonists, Queen Elizabeth I sent pirates like Sir Francis Drake to raid Spanish settlements and their annual shipments of American bullion. Although Drake expected the colony to be full of riches, he instead discovered a fledgling settlement easily overwhelmed by his force of about 1, men. Founded in , the French colony of Louisiana encompassed the Mississippi River valley, a vast territory stretching from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Lakes. Louisiana linked French colonies in Canada and the Caribbean and blocked British colonies on the East Coast from expanding westward.
As a result, the French considered Louisiana essential to the prosperity and security of their North American empire. As part of its campaign to lure French investors and colonists, the company commissioned Nicolas de Fer to create a map of the territory and its natural resources. Interest in the Louisiana territory did not die with the Mississippi Bubble.
Measuring over four feet tall and six feet wide, the map represented North America in extraordinary detail and buttressed British claims to land west of the Appalachian Mountains. Boazio filled his map with action, including soldiers marching in formation against the enemy, ships going up in flames, and herds of cattle making their way into the countryside.
What story do these images tell? What messages do you think Boazio wanted his map to convey? How do you think de Fer tailored his map to suit the needs of his patron and audience? What features of the map might have lured colonists and investors to Louisiana? What kind of message do you think the board intended to communicate to British colonists?
How do the empires these maps depict—Spanish, French, British—compare? What kinds of information about North America does each map seem to emphasize? How do the maps incorporate or exclude rival empires?
Colonial North America appears different depending on the scale at which one sees it. Even as colonists carved North America into empires, their most immediate concerns often revolved more around the local, day-to-day challenges of life on the ground—the places where visions and realities intersected.
Instead of vast imperial domains, the documents below illustrate how specific individuals conceived of local worlds and imagined what colonial America was, was not, or might become. Situated on the lower Mississippi River, then known as the St. Louis River, the concession or land grant took its name from the Chaouachas Indian village once located there.
Look carefully at how Sir Robert Montgomery organized his imagined colony of Azilia. What might someone who lived in the colonies have thought about the plan? What aspects of the plantation does he highlight? What details does Dumont leave out? What can his attention to detail tell us about the message he sought to communicate through this map?
What information or impressions did he want readers to take away? In what ways to their portrayals of life in the Louisiana territory overlap or differ? Does seeing French Louisiana at different scales alter your impression of that colony? What similarities do their visions share? How do they differ?
Sir Robert Montgomery imagined what an ideal colony would look like in this plan for Azilia, a colony he hoped to establish in what is now Georgia. Establishing viable colonies in North America required more than forts and colonists. European colonists had to take the indigenous world they discovered and make it into their own. As the struggle to found the Virginia colony showed English colonists, that transformation occurred piecemeal. The following documents offer both English and indigenous views of seventeenth-century Virginia. When considered together, the maps suggest how English colonists and promoters took possession of an area Powhatan Indians called Tsenacomoco and remade it into an English colony named Virginia.
Instead of portraying an outright English conquest, the maps remind us of how English colonists initially depended on aid from American Indians. The English explorer and colonist Captain John Smith played a leading role in English efforts to establish the colony of Virginia, beginning with the Jamestown settlement in In a later chronicle of his time in Virginia, John Smith recalled how Powhatan Indians mapped their world for him during an elaborate ceremony in Over the course of three days, Smith watched as the Indians laid out concentric circles of meal, corn, and sticks.
USD Sign in to Purchase Instantly. The settlers worked hard growing cotton and grain and raising cattle, and they retained their old-world customs and religious faith in the face of many challenges.
AP — A former Roswell police officer has been sentenced to prison for her role in a armed robbery in the city she once patrolled. Despite struggles along the Legal Case. This page was last edited on 14 February , at Chicago: University of Chicago Press, —. Records and information about the various tribes are also listed in the Subject Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under the name of the tribe.
With the building of the Medina Dam, farming changed for the better, and new immigrants arrived to help establish schools and communities. NOOK Book.
See All Customer Reviews. Shop Books. Read an excerpt of this book! Add to Wishlist. USD Sign in to Purchase Instantly. The settlers worked hard growing cotton and grain and raising cattle, and they retained their old-world customs and religious faith in the face of many challenges. With the building of the Medina Dam, farming changed for the better, and new immigrants arrived to help establish schools and communities. Today the proximity to San Antonio allows people to work in the city while maintaining their homes, farms, and ranches in Medina County. Many photographs came from the Medina County Museum collection.